4-Methylmethcathinone is a synthetic stimulant with empathogenic effects that is chemically similar to methcathinone. Between 2007 and 2009, it became available for purchase online, was used increasingly in Europe, Australia, and New Zealand, associated with several deaths, and then controlled in some countries as a result. Because of the similarity in names, it is sometimes confused with ‘Methedrone’ (4-methoxymethcathinone) or ‘Methylone’ (bk-MDMA).
What are bath salt drugs?
Rehabilitation programs and correctional facilities in the USA are starting to see an increasing amount of people who have become addicted to a new, currently legal, drug being sold as plant food and bath salts. There are many different names that these designer drugs are being sold as. Some examples are: Ivory Wave, Charge, Ocean Snow, White Knight, Recharge, Sky Vanilla, and Tranquility. All of these are sold with a label on it which reads “Not for human consumption.” However, these products are intended for this exact purpose, with the marketing as “plant food” or “bath salts” being a cunning trick to sneak past drug abuse laws.
The reason why this is still going on is that new products that are becoming available in smoke shops and mini marts are not being censored. Many states rushed to deal with a lack of laws on synthetic marijuana last year which people were smoking and getting high and several lawmakers were able to ban the new variation of pot. There are now many new synthetic drugs emerging which are similar to harder street drugs.
The stores that are selling these bath salts have them available in $20 bags which are too small to use for an actual bath. On the other hand, there is an ample amount of the powerful drug mephedrone, which brings about similar effects to cocaine and meth. These products are currently not being regulated because they have the warning “not for human consumption” printed on the packaging. The stores that are selling these bath salts have them available in $20 bags which are too small to use for an actual bath. On the other hand, there is an ample amount of the strong drug mephedrone, which brings about similar effects to cocaine and meth. These products are currently not being regulated because they have “not for human consumption” printed on the packaging.
Mephedrone is a lab created drug that is comparable to meth and doctors noticed that the harm done to the health of its users are about the same as with excessive doses of methamphetamine with side effects including: insomnia, loss of appetite, paranoia, faster heart rate, and higher blood pressure. The side effects of mephedrone have been compared to the adverse properties of multiple street drugs. The side effects include: irritability, hostility, hallucinations, and heavy urges to redose, similar to those of meth and cocaine. The use of mephedrone products and overdoses have already caused multiple suicides as well as long recovery stays in hospitals.
The mephedrone crisis is progressively getting worse. In just January and February of 2011, there have been over 250 mephedrone related calls to police departments in the USA from more than 25 states. ER workers have seen a sudden increase of near fatal and critical conditions being admitted to hospitals from the effects of bath salts. When a user is under the influence of bath salts it can be so intense that they physically harm themselves and others or lock themselves away hiding from demons that they are seeing while their mind is in an altered state.
This nightmare doesn’t end in the ER either. People who overdose on bath salts do not respond well to the methods of reviving users from overdoses from other drugs such as cocaine or meth. Normally, sedatives are used to treat the patient and they will eventually snap out of it and calm down. Emergency room technicians have been distraught to find that when the antipsychotic medication or sedatives wear off, the patient will awake in the same altered state of mind from the bath salts. Sometimes a patient will be sedated for a couple of weeks only to find that the effects of the bath salts come right back when they awake.
The damage done by mephedrone could very well be irreversible. The drug has never been studied or tested on humans before. The small differences made to other drugs in order to create this drug drastically changes the side effects that come about. The scariest part about this whole situation is the fact that these drugs are quickly addicting and habit forming even though the consequences are so awful. When patients are released from the hospital, the urges to use again are so great that they often head straight back to obtain and use more of the drug and many on the other hand seek help from substance abuse professionals.
It has been said by people who have used the bath salts that they can’t live with out it or stop themselves from using more and that the only thing that they still care about, is to use more mephedrone. The fact that no one actually knows what the long term result will be of continued use is very troubling. It is not certain what harm is actually being done to the body and how long it may last, if it is even repairable.
Currently it is not easy for lawmakers to impose new laws to restrict these products and scientists are working to figure out the nature of mephedrone in order to find an effective strategy to rehabilitate those who have gotten into using it. Since mephedrone is actually legal, there are really no laws to enforce for punishment or correction of its use. People from many different positions agree that mephedrone use is rapidly becoming more of a problem and that if action is not taken soon that it could become a plague of humanity far worse than the invention of methamphetamines.