Oxycodone is an semi-synthetic opioid analgesic, used primarily in the treatment of pain. It saw a significant increase in recreational use when the higher-dose time-release form OxyContin was introduced in 1995.
Oxycodone preparations may contain analgesics such as acetaminophen, which can be toxic to the liver in high doses.
OxyContin General Info
OxyContin® is a prescription pain-reliever that was approved by The FDA in 1995. It is narcotic pain reliever and its active ingredient is oxycodone hydrochloride, also in Percodan and Percocet. OxyContin® is prescribed in tablet form and designed to be swallowed whole. Its controlled-release formula delivers a large (up to 160 milligrams) dose of oxycodone over a 12-hour period, providing sustained relief for the chronic pain of conditions such as cancer or severe arthritis. Opiates or Opioids such as OxyContin®, Heroin, Methadone and Vicodin work by attaching themselves to certain receptors in the brain and spinal cord and blocking pain from going to the brain. In 2000, 5.8 million prescriptions for OxyContin® were written, making it the most prescribed Schedule II narcotic in the United States.
OxyContin Symptoms and Effects
The effect of OxyContin, taken in recommended doses, is relief of pain. It usually prescribed for people in severe pain, through chronic arthritis, terminal cancer or other very serious illnesses. OxyContin’s effect has been described as a jolt of pure pleasure, but the pain that follows is equally as powerful. It is often compared to Heroin for its intoxicating effects. OxyContin addicts gradually lose their ability to manage all types of pain. Similar to other abused painkillers such as Vicodin, Percocet and Morphine, people begin abusing the drug for its extreme euphoric effects. When snorting or injecting OxyContin, the rush of pleasure comes more quickly and does not last as long. Abuse of opiates leads to increased tolerance and administered dosages.
OxyContin abuse and addiction
Because there is an elevated opiate dosage in OxyContin, it is highly addictive. Its regulated, consistent doses make it appealing. OxyContin is covered by most insurance plans, making it accessible to most people. Oxycontin, like Heroin, Methadone, Vicodin and other opiates affects brainšs normal pleasure and motivational systems, taking over as the most important motivation in the brainšs hierarchy. When abused, an Oxycontin tablet can be crushed and swallowed, snorted or injected. This allows the user to feel the powerful effects of the drug in a much shorter time. If someone takes more OxyContin than is needed or prescribed, they are probably abusing the narcotic. In 2002, 10% of twelfth graders said they had used narcotics without a proper prescription. It is important to seek help from an addiction treatment program if you know someone who maybe abusing Oxycontin. Centers that specialize in opiate addiction treatment can help stop the OxyContin abuse. Signs of addiction include a tolerance for the OxyContin, a compulsion to use OxyContin and the experience of withdrawal symptoms without the use of OxyContin. An increased dose may be needed to achieve the original effects of the drug. OxyContin overdoses can occur. Repeated use despite consequences is a sign. Please contact an addiction treatment center if you have questions about the symptoms of OxyContin addiction.
OxyContin detox and withdrawal symptom
Detoxification from opiates such as OxyContin can be very painful and severe. Withdrawal symptoms can include nausea and vomiting, flu symptoms and general pain.
OxyContin addiction Treatment
There are programs which specialize in opiate detoxification and addiction. Addiction to opiates such as OxyContin, Vicodin and Percocet is treatable. First, the patient will most likely undergo detox, so that withdrawal symptoms can be monitored and controlled. Detoxification from opiates varies in length and severity, depending on level of addiction and type of detoxification. After detox is completed, patients enter treatment for addiction. Through treatment, an individual will begin to understand his or her addiction and how to rebuild a life without OxyContin or other harmful substances. OxyContin addiction treatment will also vary length and program type according the needs and circumstances of each individual. An opiate addiction specialist can explain different OxyContin detoxification and treatment options available to someone in need of help.